Courses: 3rd Year 1st Sem., B. Sc. Biology
BIO331: Field course I(1 credit units)
Sampling methods, Random, Transect and systematic sampling, Methods of collection of water samples for Physiochemical analysis Collection and preservation of plankton, benthos and periphyton, sampling methods for terrestrial and aquatic invertebrates and vertebrates, Sampling in grass and woodlands, Practical field trips on sampling techniques.
BIO311: Genetics II(2 credit units)
Aspects of human genetics, Sex-linked, sex-influenced and sex-determined traits, Karyotype-basic grouping of human chromosomes, Pedigree analysis, Chromosomal changes in man: translocation, aneuploidy and polyploidy. Deviations from basic Mendelian principles: linkage and recombination, Gene mapping and chromosomal diagram. Gene interactions: epistasis (dominance and recessive conditions), complementary and inhibitory activities. Plant pleiotropy pinocytosis, Mechanisms of protein transport within and out of the cell.
BOT311: Plant Physiology(2 credit units)
Physiology of seed germination, Plant growth and differentiation, development of roots and shoots and mechanisms of root penetration, growth factors and hormones, Translocation of materials in plants, Water absorption and uptake, Absorption of minerals and theories of active absorption, Photosynthesis and respiration, Effects of light and temperature on biological processes in plants. Tropisms, Fruit ripening, abscission, senescence and cell death.
BIO321: Biostatistics II(2 credit units)
Parametric Statistics, Correlation and Regression, Experimental designs, Analysis of variance (ANOVA), Tests of goodness of fit, Means separation, Applications of Statistics in Agricultural and Biological Research.
BOT351: Mycology(2 credit units)
General features of fungi, fungal classification, growth and life cycles, The phycomycetes, Ascomycetes, Basidiomycetes and Deuteromycetes, Primary apical growth, intercalary growth, deformation growth and secondary growth, Fine structures of fungal cells, Environmental control of fungal growth, Economic importance of fungi.
MCB311: Virology(2 credit units)
General properties of viruses, Bacteriophages, Viral replication and genetics, Pathogenesis of viral infections, Viral immunology, Brief study of viruses of medical and veterinary importance including viruses that cause diseases in plants.
ZOO331: Basic Entomology(2 credit units)
Insect evolution, classification and distribution, Orgnisation of insect external structures, Ingestion, digestion and excretion, Blood circulation and water systems, Behaviour and ecology of social insects, Insect pest control methods, Insect in agriculture, medicine and allied fields, Mouthpart and limb adaptation in insects, Locomotion and flight adaptation in insect and metamorphosis.
MCB331: Bacteriology(2 credit units)
A detailed study of bacteria structure, classification systems for bacteria, growth and nutrition of bacteria, cultural, morphological and biochemical characters of bacteria, Bacteria metabolism, Pure culture techniques, Cultivation of bacteria in batch and continuous systems.
BOT371: Phycology(2 credit units)
Account of major divisions of algae with emphasis on reproduction, life cycles and variation patterns and their significance. Origin and evolution of sex and thallus And modes of production in algae, Algae ecology, Terrestrial and aquatic environment, Algae and their fossil records, Economic aspect of the Algae.
BIO341: Molecular Biology(3 credit units)
Generalized structure of the cell, Molecular composition of the cell; origin of macromolecules, polysaceharides, polypeptides and lipids, Chromosome morphology, DNA replication and protein synthesis; transcription, and translation Genes and the genetic code, Genetic engineering, Movement of molecules in and out of the cell; passive diffusion, facilitated diffusion, active translocation and osmosis.
GST311: Introduction to Entrepreneurial Studies(2 credit units)
Some of the ventures to be focused upon include the following: soap/detergent, tooth brushes and tooth paste making; photography; brick, nails, screws making; dyeing/textile blocks paste making; rope making; plumbing; vulcanizing; brewing; glassware production/ceramic production; paper production; water treatment/conditioning/packaging; food processing/packaging/preservation; metal working/fabrication-steel and aluminum door and windows; training industry; vegetable oil /and salt extractions; fisheries/aquaculture; refrigeration/air conditioning; plastic making; farming (crop); domestic electrical wiring; radio/TV repairs; carving; weaving; brick laying/making; bakery; tailoring; iron welding; building drawing; carpentry; leather tanning; interior decoration; printing; animal husbandry (poultry, piggery, goat.); metal craft-blacksmith, tinsmith; sanitary wares; vehicles maintenance and bookkeeping.
ZOO341: Introductory Nematology and Helminthology(2 credit units)
General characteristics of nematodes, morphology, position and outlines of classification of nematodes, Biology of important plant nematodes and their economic importance, Nematological techniques, General principles and methods of nematode control, General characteristics and classification of helminthes, Morphology and life cycle of helminthes, Helminth parasites and their medical importance.
MCB321: Immunology/Immunochemistry(2 credit units)
Basic concepts of immunology, structure of antigens and antigenic determinants, cellular responses, Genetic stimulation, Structure and classification of immunoglobulins, antigen and antibody interactions, roles of lymphoid tissues and thymus in immune responses, Immunology of infections.
ZOO311: Protozoology(3 credit units)
The place of protozoa in the animal kingdom, Structure, classification and evolution of Protozoans, Protozoan physiology; locomotion, growth, nutrition, respiration, excretion, reproduction and osmoregulation, economic importance of major groups of protozoa.
ICH341: Water Treatment and Analysis(2 credit units)
Sources of natural water and standard specifications for quality of water for different applications; Physical, chemical and biological characteristics of water and wastewater; Chemical processes for water treatment; Domestic wastewater treatment; Methods of water treatment; Sludge: treatment and disposal; Water chemistry and analysis: pH, acidity and alkalinity, dissolved oxygen and oxygen demand, total organic carbon, metals, dissolved salts, trace organics, PAHs; Radioactivity and radionuclides in water; Water survey and sampling.
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