Courses: 2nd Year 1st Sem., B. Sc. Physics
PHY211: Mechanics(2 credit units)
(A more advanced treatment of the topics serves as a bridge between 100 level Mechanics and 300 level topics in Mechanics). Rigid, bodies, Rigid dynamics; moment of inertia, angular momentum. System of particles, moving coordinate system, non-inertial reference frames. Foucault’s pendulum. Gravitation – gravitational fields and potential, Kepler’s laws, Newton’s laws of Application of orbital motion. Reduced mass, impulse, collision in one and 3 - dimensions, system of varying mass, centre of mass reference frames, bending of beams.
PHY231: Thermal Physics(2 credit units)
The foundations of classical thermodynamics including the Zeroth law and definition of temperature; the first law, work done and heat, Carnot’s cycle and the second law; entropy and irreversibility. Thermodynamic potentials and the Maxwell’s relations and applications. Qualitative discussion of phase transition; third law of thermodynamics, ideal and real gases. Elementary kinetic theory of gases including Boltzman’s coin, Maxwell – Boltzman law; distribution of velocities, simple applications of distribution law.
PHY241: Experimental Physics III(1 credit units)
Laboratory experiments aimed at the practical applications of the theory of errors in measurement. Fitting a straight line, computational errors, two – dimensional errors.
PYE231: Electric Circuits and Electronics(2 credit units)
DC circuits; Kirchoff’s laws, sources of e.m.f and current, network analysis and circuit theorems. AC circuits; Inductance, capacitance, the transformer, sinusoidal waveforms, root mean square and peak values, power, impedance and admittance, series R L C circuits, Q-factor, resonance, network analysis and circuit theorems, filters. Electronics; semi-conductors, the P-N junction, field effect transistors, bipolar transistors. Characteristics and equivalent circuits. Amplifiers, feedback, oscillators.
MTH211: Mathematical Methods I(3 credit units)
Real –valued functions of a real variable. Review of differentiation and integration and their applications. Mean value theorem. Taylor series. Real – valued functions of two or three variables. Partial derivatives, chain rule, extreme, languages multiplies. Increments, differentials and linear approximations.Evaluation of line integrals.Multiple integrals.
MTH221: Elementary Differential Equations I(3 credit units)
First order ordinary differential equations. Existence and uniqueness. Second order ordinary differential equations with constant co-efficient. General theory of nth order linear equations lap lace transforms, solutions of initial value problems by lap lace transform method. Simple treatment of partial differential equation in two independent variables. Application of O.D and P.D. E to physical, life and social Sciences
CMP221: Computer Programming I(3 credit units)
Principle of good programming; structured programming concepts. Debugging and testing; string processing, internal searching and sorting, Data structures, Recursion. C++ programming language or any other similar language should be used in teaching the above.
GST 211: History and Philosophy of Science(2 credit units)
GST 221: Peace Studies and Conflict Resolution(2 credit units)
MTH231: Sets, Logic and Algebra(2 credit units)
Introduction to the language and concepts of modern mathematics.Topics includes; Basic set theory; mappings, relations, equivalence and other relations, Cartesian products. Binary logic, methods of proof.Binary operations. Algebraic structures, semi groups, rings, integral domains, fields. Number systems; properties of integers, rationals, real and complex numbers .
MTH241: Linear Algebra I(2 credit units)
Vector space over the real field.Subspaces, linear independence, basis and dimension. Linear transformations including linear operators, linear transformations and their representation by matrices—range, null space, rank. Singular and non-singular transformation and matrices.Algebra of matrices.
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