Federal University, Dutsin-ma

Katsina state, Nigeria

Courses: 3rd Year 1st Sem., B. Sc. Physics

  1. PHY311: Classical Mechanics

    (2 credit units)

    Newtonian Mechanics; motion of a Particle in one, two and three dimensions; system of particles and collision theory; Newtonian gravitation; conservative forces and potentials, oscillations, central force problems; moving coordinates, accelerated frames of reference; rigid body dynamics; generalised motion; mechanics of continuous media.

  2. PHY321: Electricity and Magnetism

    (2 credit units)

    Electrostatics and Magnetostatics; electric polarisation, dielectric susceptibility, image charges. Laplace’s equations, Poisson’s equation and boundary value problems, electromagnetic potentials, multiple expansion, dielectric and magnetic materials, Faraday’s law, Ampere’s law. A.c. circuits; Lorentz covariance and special relativity. Current, density vector, electromotive force, law of induction. Continuity and Surface charge density.

  3. PHY331: Quantum Physics I

    (3 credit units)

    Schrödinger wave equation Waves, particle duality and the uncertainty principle, De Broglie hypothesis, Born’s interpretation of matter waves, Basic principles of the quantum theory uncertainty principle. Simple harmonic oscillator, energy level potential wells, the Schrödinger wave equation, reflection and transmission at potential barriers

  4. PHY341: Statistical Physics

    (2 credit units)

    Basic concepts of statistical mechanics; microscopic basics of thermodynamics and application to macroscopic systems. Hobb’s and Gibb’s functions. Thermodynamic probability and entropy, condensed states, phase transformations, Maxwell – Boltzman statistics and applications; elementary kinetic theory of transport processes, fluctuation phenomena. Quantum distributions, applications, properties of a pure substance, critical phenomena.

  5. PHY361: Solid State Physics I

    (2 credit units)

    Crystal structure and crystal binding, lattice properties, indexing crystal diffraction, Laue equations, reciprocal lattice, Brillioun zones. Structure factor, inter-atomic forces, bonding types, elastic properties, lattice vibrations, elastic waves, dynamics of momentum and diatomic lattice phonons and inelastic neutron scattering, phonon dispersion, theories of the specific heat of solids, thermal conductivity. Imperfection in solids, defect statistics, diffusion, ionic conductivity, colour centres, amorphous solids, dislocation and strength of materials. Free electrons of metals, energy – wave vector relations, Fermi surface and energy, cyclotron resonance. Hall effect, optical properties of metals, thermionic and field emissions.

  6. PHY371: Experimental Physics/Research Method

    (2 credit units)

    Experiments: A series of mini-courses on important experimental techniques and performance of laboratory experiments. Topics covered include electronics, optics, electricity, atomic, molecular and nuclear physics, low temperature physics, statistics and data handling and scientific writing. Research: Meaning and its characteristics, purpose of and real steps in research, the scientific method, hypothesis. Choice of research topics and its design and characteristics, library search and referencing, graphical representation, sketches, illustrations with tables and drawings, project reporting and thesis writing.

  7. PHY381: Engineering Drawing & Workshop Practice

    (2 credit units)

    Plane geometry, orthographic and isometric projections. Sectional views, sketching, professional touches.

  8. PYE341: Electronics I

    (2 credit units)

    Bipolar transistors and diodes, Field Effect Transistors [FET, JFET], transistor circuits, amplifiers, multistage amplifier circuits. Power amplifiers, classification of amplifiers [class A, AB, B operations], frequency response, instrument amplifiers. Noise and interference. Introduction to operational amplifiers, basic circuit design with op – amps, switching circuits. Oscillators, feedback. Stabilised power supplies, voltage regulation circuits.Monocrystalline and technical materials, semi-conducting materials, dielectric materials, metallic conductors, plastics.

  9. GST311: Introduction to Entrepreneurial Studies

    (2 credit units)

    Some of the ventures to be focused upon include the following: soap/detergent, tooth brushes and tooth paste making; photography; brick, nails, screws making; dyeing/textile blocks paste making; rope making; plumbing; vulcanizing; brewing; glassware production/ceramic production; paper production; water treatment/conditioning/packaging; food processing/packaging/preservation; metal working/fabrication-steel and aluminum door and windows; training industry; vegetable oil /and salt extractions; fisheries/aquaculture; refrigeration/air conditioning; plastic making; farming (crop); domestic electrical wiring; radio/TV repairs; carving; weaving; brick laying/making; bakery; tailoring; iron welding; building drawing; carpentry; leather tanning; interior decoration; printing; animal husbandry (poultry, piggery, goat.); metal craft-blacksmith, tinsmith; sanitary wares; vehicles maintenance and bookkeeping.

  10. PHY351: Modern Optics

    (2 credit units)

    Coherence and interference. Michelson and Fabry-Parot interference filters. Fourier interference spectroscopy. Diffraction theory, Fraunhofer and Fresnel diffraction, gratings. Refraction at plane and spherical surfaces, Lens systems, stops, Aberration. Optical instruments, Laser, holograph. Optics of solids propagation of light in anisotropic solids. Introduction-linear optics.

  11. PHY391: Biophysics I

    (2 credit units)

    X – rays, diffraction and electron micro-elements of the physics of macromolecule. Basic enzyme behaviour, radiation physics, radiation hazards and protection

  12. PHY301: Acoustics I

    (2 credit units)

    Propagation and attenuation of sound in the atmosphere, sound isolation and absorption, reverberation, Sabine and Eyring’s formulae, hearing, articulation and intelligibility, acoustics of auditoria, models, anechoic rooms and water tanks. Acoustics of small rooms, noise – problems and abatement.

  13. PHY303: Acoustics I

    (2 credit units)

    Propagation and attenuation of sound in the atmosphere, sound isolation and absorption, reverberation, Sabine and Eyring’s formulae, hearing, articulation and intelligibility, acoustics of auditoria, models, anechoic rooms and water tanks. Acoustics of small rooms, noise – problems and abatement.

  14. PYE311: Electronic Devices and Circuits

    (2 credit units)

    Frequency response of amplifiers: Poles, zeros and Bode plots, amplifier transfer function, techniques of determining 3 dB frequencies of amplifier circuits, frequency response of single-stage and cascade amplifiers, frequency response of differential amplifiers. Operational amplifiers (Op-Amp): Properties of ideal Op-Amps, non-inverting and inverting amplifiers, inverting integrators, differentiator, weighted summer and other applications of Op-Amp circuits, effects of finite open loop gain and bandwidth on circuit performance, logic signal operation of Op-Amp, dc imperfections. General purpose Op-Amp: DC analysis, small-signal analysis of different stages, gain and frequency response of 741 Op-Amp. Negative feedback: properties, basic topologies, feedback amplifiers with different topologies, stability, frequency compensation. Active filters: Different types of filters and specifications, transfer functions, realization of first and second order low, high and bandpass filters using Op-Amps. Signal generators: Basic principle of sinusoidal oscillation, Op-Amp RC oscillators, LC and crystal oscillators. Power Amplifiers: Classification of output stages, class A, B and AB output stages.

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