Courses: 2nd Year 1st Sem., B. Sc. Physics with Electronics

PHY211: Mechanics
(2 credit units)(A more advanced treatment of the topics serves as a bridge between 100 level Mechanics and 300 level topics in Mechanics). Rigid, bodies, Rigid dynamics; moment of inertia, angular momentum. System of particles, moving coordinate system, noninertial reference frames. Foucault’s pendulum. Gravitation – gravitational fields and potential, Kepler’s laws, Newton’s laws of Application of orbital motion. Reduced mass, impulse, collision in one and 3  dimensions, system of varying mass, centre of mass reference frames, bending of beams.

PHY221: Thermal physics
(2 credit units)The foundations of classical thermodynamics including the Zeroth law and definition of temperature; the first law, work done and heat, Carnot’s cycle and the second law; entropy and irreversibility. Thermodynamic potentials and the Maxwell’s relations and applications.Qualitative discussion of phase transition; third law of thermodynamics, ideal and real gases.Elementary kinetic theory of gases including Boltzman’s coin, Maxwell – Boltzman law; distribution of velocities, simple applications of distribution law.

PYE 211: Semiconductor Devices and Materials
(3 credit units)Semiconductor fundamentals, crystal structure, Fermi level, energyband diagram, intrinsic and extrinsic semiconductor, carrier concentration, scattering and drift of electrons and holes, drift current, diffusion mechanism, Hall effect, generation, recombination and injection of carriers, transient response, basic governing equations in semiconductor, physical description of pn junction, deletion approximation, biasing, transition capacitance, varactor diodes, junction breakdown, space charge effect and diffusion approximation, current voltage characteristics and temperature dependence, tunnelling current, optical absorption in a semiconductor, photovoltaic effect, semiconductor lasers.

PYE 221: Electronics Practical I
(1 credit units)List of Experiments:EXP 1: Determination of the Line Frequency by Lissajous Figure using an Oscilloscope and a Function Generator and Verification of the Calibration of Time/Div Knob at a Particular Position for Different FrequenciesEXP 2: Charging and Discharging of Capacitors and Study of Their Various Characteristics.EXP 3: Verification of Thevenin's and Norton's Theorem.EXP 4: Verification of Maximum Power Transfer Theorem.EXP 5: Verification of Current Division Rule (CDR), KVL and KCLEXP 6: Conversion of Galvanometer into Voltmeter.EXP 7: Conversion of Galvanometer into Ohmmeter.EXP 8: Determination of the e/m of Electron Using Helmholtz Coil.EXP 9: Determination of the Threshold Frequency for Photoelectric Effect of a PhotoCathode and the Value of Planck's Constant by Using a Photoelectric Cell.

PYE231: Electric Circuits and Electronics
(2 credit units)DC circuits; Kirchoff’s laws, sources of e.m.f and current, network analysis and circuit theorems. AC circuits; Inductance, capacitance, the transformer, sinusoidal waveforms, root mean square and peak values, power, impedance and admittance, series R L C circuits, Qfactor, resonance, network analysis and circuit theorems, filters. Electronics; semiconductors, the PN junction, field effect transistors, bipolar transistors. Characteristics and equivalent circuits. Amplifiers, feedback, oscillators.

CMP221: Computer Programming I
(3 credit units)Principle of good programming; structured programming concepts. Debugging and testing; string processing, internal searching and sorting, Data structures, Recursion. C++ programming language or any other similar language should be used in teaching the above.

GST 211: History and Philosophy of Science
(2 credit units) 
GST 221: Peace Studies and Conflict Resolution
(2 credit units) 
MTH221: Elementary Differential Equations I
(3 credit units)First order ordinary differential equations. Existence and uniqueness. Second order ordinary differential equations with constant coefficient. General theory of nth order linear equations lap lace transforms, solutions of initial value problems by lap lace transform method. Simple treatment of partial differential equation in two independent variables. Application of O.D and P.D. E to physical, life and social Sciences

MTH231: Sets, Logic and Algebra
(2 credit units)Introduction to the language and concepts of modern mathematics.Topics includes; Basic set theory; mappings, relations, equivalence and other relations, Cartesian products. Binary logic, methods of proof.Binary operations. Algebraic structures, semi groups, rings, integral domains, fields. Number systems; properties of integers, rationals, real and complex numbers .

MTH241: Linear Algebra I
(2 credit units)Vector space over the real field.Subspaces, linear independence, basis and dimension. Linear transformations including linear operators, linear transformations and their representation by matrices—range, null space, rank. Singular and nonsingular transformation and matrices.Algebra of matrices.
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