Federal University, Dutsin-ma

Katsina state, Nigeria

Courses: 2nd Year 2nd Sem., B. Sc. Physics with Electronics

  1. PHY212: Elementary Modern Physics

    (2 credit units)

    Special relativity; defects in Newtonian mechanics, the speed of light; the Lorentz transformation of velocities. The atomic structure, experimental basis of quantum theory; black body radiation; electrons and quanta; Bohr’s theory of atomic structure; De Broglie hypothesis; the uncertainty principle; Schrödinger’s equation and simple applications

  2. PHY222: Electromagnetism

    (3 credit units)

    General concepts – divergence, curl, gradient theorems, Stokes theorem, introduction to curvilinear coordinates. Electricity and electrostatics. Electric field; potential and electricity of discrete and continuous distribution of charges, dielectrics and dielectric constants, polarisation vector and charge, displacement vectors, modified Gauss’s theorem. Magnetic field; Lorentz force, e/m ratios, velocity selector, cyclotron, betatron, magnetic dipole, moment, Faraday’s law, Ampere’s law. Introduction to electromagnetic waves.

  3. PHY232: Optics and Waves

    (2 credit units)

    Wave phenomena, acoustic wave, the harmonic oscillator, vibration in strings. Beats, waves on a string, energy in wave motion, elementary treatment of waves; types and properties, longitudinal waves, standing waves, group and phase velocity; propagation; intensity; phase and path difference. Wave behaviour, reflection, refraction, diffraction, standing waves, Doppler effect, sound waves, velocity and the effect of temperature; beats; vibrations in strings, instruments, resonance, musical scales. Physical optics; spherical waves, interference and diffraction, thin films, crystal diffraction, holography; dispersion of light, reflection at a spherical surface, thin lenses, lens equation, optical lenses, mirrors and prisms, microscopes and telescopes, aberration and correction.

  4. PHY252: Energy and Environment

    (2 credit units)

    Energy and power; principles, demands and outlook, transformation of energy and its costs, thermal pollution, electric energy from fossil fuel, hydroelectric generation; principles and problems. Costs, capacity, storage, reserves, efficiency, new environmental effects. Electrical energy from solar power, geothermal power, tidal power, etc. Promises and problems. Renewable energy systems (solar, wind and biomass) and their utilisation, solar energy technology – applications for rural development, solar stills, solar dryers, solar cookers, solar cooling and heating. Solar cells and photovoltaic systems. Contribution of energy generation processes to environmental pollution and safeguards

  5. PYE 212: Signals and Systems

    (3 credit units)

    Classification of signals and systems: signals - classification, basic operation on signals, elementary signals, representation of signals using impulse function; systems classification. Properties of Linear Time Invariant (LTI) systems: linearity, causality, time invariance, memory, stability, invertibility. Time domain analysis of LTI systems: Differential equations - system representation, order of the system, solution techniques, zero state and zero input response, system properties; impulse response - convolution integral, determination of system properties; state variable - basic concept, state equation and time domain solution. Frequency domain analysis of LTI systems: Fourier series- properties, harmonic representation, system response, frequency response of LTI systems; Fourier transformation- properties, system transfer function, system response and distortion-less systems. Applications of time and frequency domain analyses: solution of analog electrical and mechanical systems, amplitude modulation and demodulation, time-division and frequency-division multiplexing. Laplace transformation: properties, inverse transform, solution of system equations, system transfer function, system stability and frequency response and application.

  6. PYE 222: Electronics Practical II

    (1 credit units)

    List of Experiments:EXP 1: Determination of the Wavelengths of Various Spectral Lines by Spectrometer by using Plane Diffraction GratingEXP 2: Study of the Frequency Responses of Series and Parallel LRC Series Circuit and the Variation of Q-factor with Resistance.EXP 3: Study of the Variation of Electrical Conductivity of a Semiconductor and Determine of its Energy Gap.EXP 4: Study of the Characteristics of a PN Junction and Zener Diode.EXP 5: Study of the Characteristics of a NPN Bipolar Junction Transistor (BJT) in Common Base configuration.EXP 6: Study of the Characteristics of Junction Field Effect Transistor (JFET) in Common source configuration.EXP 7: Design and construction of a 4-diode Full Wave Rectifier power supply and study the effect of Shunt Capacitor filter.EXP 8: Implementation of AND, OR, NOT logic gates. EXP 11: Design of S-R flip-flopEXP 9: To design Code converters (Decimal-to-BCD, BCD-to-Decimal)EXP 10: To design Ripple, Ring and Decade Counters using JK-FFs. EXP 11: To study the characteristics of IC MUX, to realization of combinational circuits and generation of complex wavesforms.

  7. PYE232: Electric Circuit Theory

    (2 credit units)

    General outline of linear circuits and linear circuit analysis, linear transformations, one-port and two-port networks. Single phase sinusoidal alternating current circuits, locks diagrams, poly-phase circuits, network topology. The methods of symmetrical components, some properties of three phase systems, examples of networks of unbalanced impedances, distribution parameter networks, ladder networks, periodic non-sinusoidal currents in linear circuits, Fourier series, harmonics in three-phase systems, conventional filter design and operation. Operational methods of transient analysis of distributed parameter networks, non-linear a.c. circuits, frequency response of electrical networks, Bode plots, poles and zeroes and time delay, root-locus concepts

  8. GST 212: Introduction to Entrepreneurial Studies

    (2 credit units)

  9. MTH212: Introduction to Numerical Analysis

    (3 credit units)

    Solution of algebraic and transcendental equations. Curve fitting. Error analysis.Interpolation and approximation.Zeros or non – linear equations; to one variable system of linear equations.Numerical differentiation and integral equations.Initial value problems for ordinary differential equations.

  10. MTH242: Linear Algebra II

    (2 credit units)

    Systems or linear equation, change of basis, equivalence and similarity.Eigenvalues and elqenvectors.minimum and characteristics of polynomials of a linear transformation (matrix).Cayley –Hamilton theorem.Bilinear and quadratic forms, orthogonal diagonalisation. Canonical forms.

  11. CMP212: Computer Programming II

    (3 credit units)

    Principle of good programming; structured programming concepts. Debugging and testing; string processing, internal searching and sorting, Data structures, Recursion. C++ programming language or any other similar language should be used in teaching the above.

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