Federal University, Dutsin-ma

Katsina state, Nigeria

Courses: 3rd Year 1st Sem., B. Sc. Physics with Electronics

  1. PHY321: Electricity and Magnetism

    (2 credit units)

    Electrostatics and Magnetostatics; electric polarisation, dielectric susceptibility, image charges. Laplace’s equations, Poisson’s equation and boundary value problems, electromagnetic potentials, multiple expansion, dielectric and magnetic materials, Faraday’s law, Ampere’s law. A.c. circuits; Lorentz covariance and special relativity. Current, density vector, electromotive force, law of induction. Continuity and Surface charge density.

  2. PHY331: Quantum Physics I

    (3 credit units)

    Schrödinger wave equation Waves, particle duality and the uncertainty principle, De Broglie hypothesis, Born’s interpretation of matter waves, Basic principles of the quantum theory uncertainty principle. Simple harmonic oscillator, energy level potential wells, the Schrödinger wave equation, reflection and transmission at potential barriers

  3. PHY341: Statistical Physics

    (2 credit units)

    Basic concepts of statistical mechanics; microscopic basics of thermodynamics and application to macroscopic systems. Hobb’s and Gibb’s functions. Thermodynamic probability and entropy, condensed states, phase transformations, Maxwell – Boltzman statistics and applications; elementary kinetic theory of transport processes, fluctuation phenomena. Quantum distributions, applications, properties of a pure substance, critical phenomena.

  4. PHY391: Biophysics I

    (2 credit units)

    X – rays, diffraction and electron micro-elements of the physics of macromolecule. Basic enzyme behaviour, radiation physics, radiation hazards and protection

  5. PYE311: Electronic Devices and Circuits

    (2 credit units)

    Frequency response of amplifiers: Poles, zeros and Bode plots, amplifier transfer function, techniques of determining 3 dB frequencies of amplifier circuits, frequency response of single-stage and cascade amplifiers, frequency response of differential amplifiers. Operational amplifiers (Op-Amp): Properties of ideal Op-Amps, non-inverting and inverting amplifiers, inverting integrators, differentiator, weighted summer and other applications of Op-Amp circuits, effects of finite open loop gain and bandwidth on circuit performance, logic signal operation of Op-Amp, dc imperfections. General purpose Op-Amp: DC analysis, small-signal analysis of different stages, gain and frequency response of 741 Op-Amp. Negative feedback: properties, basic topologies, feedback amplifiers with different topologies, stability, frequency compensation. Active filters: Different types of filters and specifications, transfer functions, realization of first and second order low, high and bandpass filters using Op-Amps. Signal generators: Basic principle of sinusoidal oscillation, Op-Amp RC oscillators, LC and crystal oscillators. Power Amplifiers: Classification of output stages, class A, B and AB output stages.

  6. PYE321: Solid State Physics and Materials Science

    (2 credit units)

    Crystalline state, Bravais lattices, crystal symmetry, point group & space group, unit cells, Miller indices, x-ray diffraction, Bragg's Law, reciprocal lattice, structure factor, interatomic force and classification of solids, ionic, covalent, molecular, hydrogen bonded crystals, lattice energy of ionic crystals, Madelung constant, lattice vibration, phonons, normal modes in monatomic and diatomic linear chains, theory of specific heat, Einstein and Debye models, thermal expansion, defects in crystals, dislocations, consequences of defects on mechanical properties, elastic properties. Amorphous, composite, fibrous materials, polymers, plastics, binding forces, thermal and electrical conductivity of metals, dielectric properties of solids , modes of dielectric polarisation, ferro electricity, piezo electricity, optical properties of solids ,classical and semi classical theory, free carrier effects, lattice absorption, electronic absorption, magnetic properties of solid, dia and paramagnatism, ferro& ferrimagnetism, antiferromagnetism, ferrites, magnetic resonance, superconductivity, liquid crystals.

  7. PYE331: Electronics Practical/Research Method

    (2 credit units)

    List of Experiments:EXP 1: Study of the characteristics of a Uni-junction Transistor.EXP 2: Study of the characteristics of a Silicon Controlled Rectifier Transistor.EXP 3: To draw and study the I-V characteristics of a solar cell.EXP 4: Design and construction of a BJT CE single-stage amplifier using potential divider biasing.EXP 5: Study the frequency response characteristics of a two stage RC coupled BJT amplifier.EXP 6: Study of the characteristics of 741 Operational Amplifier.EXP 7: Design of Inverting and Non-inverting amplifiers.EXP 8: Design and construction of active low pass and high pass filters using Op-Amps.EXP 9: Design and construction of active Butterworth Band pass filter.EXP 10: Design and construction of a Summing Amplifier using 741 Op-Amp.EXP 11: Study of the percentage distortion and power output of a complimentary symmetry push-pull power amplifier.EXP 12: Design and Construction of a Colpitts Oscillator.EXP 13: Design and Construction of Astable and MonostableMultividrators using BJTsEXP 14: Expt with minority carrier.EXP 15: Design and Construction of a Crystal Oscillator.EXP 16: Design and Construction of an Amplitude modulator and a demodulator.EXP 17: Design and Construction of a Frequency modulator and a demodulator.EXP 18: Design and Construction of a Phase-Shift-Keying and its detection.EXP 19: Design and Construction of a Pulse Amplitude modulation and its detection.EXP 20: Design and Construction of a Pulse Width modulation and its detection.EXP 21: Design and Construction of a Pulse Code modulation and its detection.EXP 22: To study Time Division Multiplex SystemEXP 23: Expt. with DSP (using DSP trainer)EXP 24: To measure microwave standing wave ratio.EXP 25: To measure microwave Frequency and Wavelength.EXP 30: Expt. with Fiber-Optic Communication.EXP 31: To Study the TV Composite Video signal.EXP 32: Design, construction and testing of an Astable, Monostable and Voltage Controlled Oscillator using 555 Timer.EXP 33: Expt. with microprocessor (8086).

  8. PYE341: Electronics I

    (2 credit units)

    Bipolar transistors and diodes, Field Effect Transistors [FET, JFET], transistor circuits, amplifiers, multistage amplifier circuits. Power amplifiers, classification of amplifiers [class A, AB, B operations], frequency response, instrument amplifiers. Noise and interference. Introduction to operational amplifiers, basic circuit design with op – amps, switching circuits. Oscillators, feedback. Stabilised power supplies, voltage regulation circuits.Monocrystalline and technical materials, semi-conducting materials, dielectric materials, metallic conductors, plastics.

  9. GST311: Introduction to Entrepreneurial Studies

    (2 credit units)

    Some of the ventures to be focused upon include the following: soap/detergent, tooth brushes and tooth paste making; photography; brick, nails, screws making; dyeing/textile blocks paste making; rope making; plumbing; vulcanizing; brewing; glassware production/ceramic production; paper production; water treatment/conditioning/packaging; food processing/packaging/preservation; metal working/fabrication-steel and aluminum door and windows; training industry; vegetable oil /and salt extractions; fisheries/aquaculture; refrigeration/air conditioning; plastic making; farming (crop); domestic electrical wiring; radio/TV repairs; carving; weaving; brick laying/making; bakery; tailoring; iron welding; building drawing; carpentry; leather tanning; interior decoration; printing; animal husbandry (poultry, piggery, goat.); metal craft-blacksmith, tinsmith; sanitary wares; vehicles maintenance and bookkeeping.

  10. PHY301: Acoustics I

    (2 credit units)

    Propagation and attenuation of sound in the atmosphere, sound isolation and absorption, reverberation, Sabine and Eyring’s formulae, hearing, articulation and intelligibility, acoustics of auditoria, models, anechoic rooms and water tanks. Acoustics of small rooms, noise – problems and abatement.

  11. PHY311: Classical Mechanics

    (2 credit units)

    Newtonian Mechanics; motion of a Particle in one, two and three dimensions; system of particles and collision theory; Newtonian gravitation; conservative forces and potentials, oscillations, central force problems; moving coordinates, accelerated frames of reference; rigid body dynamics; generalised motion; mechanics of continuous media.

  12. PHY351: Modern Optics

    (2 credit units)

    Coherence and interference. Michelson and Fabry-Parot interference filters. Fourier interference spectroscopy. Diffraction theory, Fraunhofer and Fresnel diffraction, gratings. Refraction at plane and spherical surfaces, Lens systems, stops, Aberration. Optical instruments, Laser, holograph. Optics of solids propagation of light in anisotropic solids. Introduction-linear optics.

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